Carl Rogers, the developer of Person-Centred Therapy, or Rogerian Therapy, believed that as humans we all have the innate tendency to achieve mental well-being and that we are all capable of it. The therapy is therefore based in the quality and connectedness of the relationship between the counsellor and the client. From this perspective, the following three conditions are seen as necessary for therapeutic change:
Congruence is also known as genuineness. The counsellor is interested in experiencing the client as he or she really is. In short, the therapist is authentic.
UNCONDITIONAL POSITIVE REGARD
Clients are valued as themselves; The counsellor possesses genuine caring for the client and has an attitude that says “I accept you as you are.” Unconditional positive regard allows people to grow and fulfill their potential as they know they are completely accepted and trust that they are unconditionally accepted by their counsellor.
Empathy is the ability of the counsellor to understand what the client is feeling. The therapist must have an ability to understand sensitively and accurately what the client’s experience and feelings are in the here-and-now. The counsellor follows precisely what the client is feeling and communicates her understanding to the client.